Bone & Gum Grafting in Hamilton
Bone and gum grafting are procedures that are necessary to restore a jaw bone weakened by bone loss or rebuild thinning or receding gum tissue. People who suffer from periodontal disease may need these procedures done before restorative dental treatments, such as dental implants, can be performed. Dental implants at Century Stone Dental in Hamilton are a method of tooth replacement for missing teeth, which can also provide long-lasting stability for a dental bridge. Adequate bone and gum is needed for this, however, so bone grafting and gum grafts can help those who would otherwise be unable to have a dental implant. Grafts also help with other concerns related to thinning gums or bone loss, and can be done for cosmetic purposes.
WHAT DOES GUM AND BONE GRAFTING DO?
Gum recession is caused by gum disease, infection, genetically thin gums, and other causes. Bone density loss can occur because of aging, medications, and other reasons. If you've had one or more teeth missing for a long time, there's an increased chance that the bone underneath the gap may have deteriorated and lost bone mass and density, which may lead to further tooth loss. A breakdown in the jaw bone can also be caused by the following circumstances:
- Facial trauma
- Growth deformity
- Periodontal disease
- Untreated cavities
Bone and gum grafts are done to restore weakened bones and receding gums, to add strength and stability to your facial structure and teeth. They are also necessary if you are interested in a dental implant or implants to replace missing teeth and you do not have the required bone or gum mass. The jaw must have sufficient bone length and width to secure and support dental implants. To regenerate bone and facilitate new growth, bone grafting is performed with bone tissue taken from your own body or a donor source.
Often, the tissue is taken from healthy areas of your jaw or chin. The bone is then placed, or grafted, onto the area of your jaw that needs regeneration. Over time, the bone graft will fuse with your existing bone, and the cells will work together to create adequate tissue to support dental implants. There are several sources where the bone can come from, your Dentist will discuss what is the best option for you.
HOW ARE BONE GRAFTS HARVESTED AND PLACED?
A piece of bone will be removed from your chin, lower jaw, or other area to act as a graft. If multiple bone grafts are needed, bone will be harvested as necessary. An incision is made in your gum line below your bottom teeth to expose the chin. Then, a piece is removed, along with the bone marrow. The area where the bone is removed from may be filled with a bone graft material, and then the incision is closed with stitches.
The area that requires grafting will be exposed, and the graft will be placed and secured with titanium screws. Once the procedure is over, you’ll be given antibiotics and possibly pain medication to deal with any discomfort. You’ll be instructed on how to care for your grafting site to prevent disruption of the bone graft.